Fragment of hewn stone unearthed from the Cour Napoleon in the Louvre during the archaeological dig - November 1984.

Fragment of a menhir found at Carnac - 17 May 1986, around midnight.

Pieces of lava found in a banana field in La Palma, Canary Islands 1986?

Piece of the Pompidou Centre in Paris - November 1984.

Bones unearthed in the courtyard of the ancient prison of Monfort, France - 6 July 1984.

Nut and bolt from the Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco - September 1984.

A piece of the Louvre from the Cour Napoleon - 1 November 1984.

Bolt found in the Universal Shipyards, Sarisbury, England - July 1984.

Original rotten oak taken from Charmin's keel in the Universal Shipyard in Sarisbury, Hampshire - 27 July 1984. (60 ft. ketch belonging to Ian and Tim, sea-faring rogues the two of them - Ian now dead, Tim now a sculptor).

Buttercup picked on King Arthur's grave at Glastonbury Abbey - 15 July 1986. (A leaden plate in the form of a cross was found in the grave in the reign of King Henry II. The inscription reads: Hic jacet sepultus inclytus Rex Arthurus in Insula Avalonia - "Here lies interred in the Isle of Avalon the renowned King Arthur.")

Roman coin bought in Covent Garden market for £1 - 2 June 1986.

Musket shot bought in Covent Garden market for 25 p each - 2 June 1986.

Flowers from Simone de Beauvoir's funeral - 19 April 1986.

Piece of the Eiffel Tower - 1983. (Renovation work was launched in '83 in preparation for the tower's centenary. Tired metal was being replaced. I took pity on this piece that looked particularly exhausted and proposed it a well deserved retirement in my museum).

An afternoon's work. (I couldn't think of any more suitable title for this object other than a reference to the time it took to get it together!)

Rope, string and cloth used by Christo to wrap up the Pont Neuf - Sunday 22 September 1985.

Pieces of arrows shot by 90 archers from the ramparts of Mont St. Michel between 9h30 and 10h00, 24 March 1985 at the turn of the equinoctial high tide as part of an in situ event by the artist Ramsa.

Fragments of "Winter Slate Ring" by Richard Long picked up in the Criée des Halles in Rennes - 30 July 1986.

Stretcher from Géricault's painting "L'Epave," (Louvre 1945, RF 784). Found in an attic over the Louvre by an indelicate curator.

Fragment from a sketch on canvas by Delacroix from the ancient Hotel de Ville de Paris representing "Murs Enchainés." P.1602 XIX century.

Eraser belonging to Jean Giraud (Moebius) used by me to erase 500 of his signatures - December 1984.

A small coffin for my pencil that was worked to death in the animation studio I.O. d'Angoulème, drawing the animated film "Le Concombre Masqué contre le Grand Patatouzeur" by Mandryka - 1985.

Piece of glass from the front door of the animation studio I.O. in Angoulème, broken by Franco Milia and myself whilst contriving to introduce a dog-kennel into the director's office.

Pulverized Notre Dame - 20 November 1982.

Evaporated Holy Water from Notre Dame de Paris - 1982.

Light bottled in 1982.

Stone taken from Jim Morrison's tomb in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris - 7 December 1983.

Water from Lourdes - 1984.

Bottle that formerly contained tap water bottled from my home at 7, Pass. Moncey in Paris on 3 March 1985 - Bottle broken whilst moving house to Issy-les-Moulineaux 2 April 1985.

Smoke from a Gauloise cigarette bottled on the 18th February 1985.

A sigh bottled at mid-night - 1985.

Fragments of a book published by Galimard bottled in June 1985.

Some tender words bottled 3 March 1985.

Chewed Shakespeare, "The Taming of the Shrew," chewed by me one Sunday evening in March 1985.

Cobweb taken from the Salle des Chevaliers on the second floor of the Batiment de la Merveille du Mont St. Michel at 16h53 - 23 March 1985.

Sand from the Gisa pyramids (Kheops) 2500 B.C. - 1986.

Sand from Saqqara - the Djeser Sanctuary - taken from the foot of the high walls, 2600 B.C. - 1986.

Sand from Assouan - Island of Aga-Khan's Mausoleum, southern Egypt - 1986.

Sand from the Karnak Temple, Naos of Ramses II (from the far end of the Sanctuary), east bank of the Nile - 1250 B.C. - 1986.

Sand from Karnak taken from the line of elephants - Thebes, east bank, 2000-1000 B.C. - 1986.

Sand from the Sinaï desert taken facing the town of Ismaelia on the east bank of the Suez Canal 1986.

Lichens taken from the Carnac Menhirs - 17 May 1986 around midnight.

Well water from the Lady Chapel at Glastonbury Abbey - mixed with aspirin - June 1986.

Glove used in the painting of the Eiffel Tower - 1983 nº GE27.

Glove used in the archaeological dig in the Louvre - 1984.

Human Thighbone bought in the Montreuil Flea Market for 10 francs - 14 December 1986.

Fragments of Nelson's Flag Ship, H.M.S. Victory - July 1987. (My pirate friends, Ian and Tim, were compelled by the codes of their sea-faring lore to acquire a piece of the mast of Nelson's Flag Ship to place beneath the mast of their own 60 ft. ketch, Charmian - see art. 59).

Stone believed to have been taken from the Roman Baths in Bath - 14 July 1987. (I can not certify information that has been contaminated in some way or another with the seeds of doubt).

My own finger and toe nail clippings - 4 September 1987.

Roland Topor's cigar case taken collected at my neighbour's place - 30 April 1988. (Roland Topor was a French artist of multiple talents, enormous cigars and an unforgivable laugh).

Carlos Rojas' cigar case, a donation by the owner himself, which took place in Creteil - August 1988.

Egg gobbed by the Italian artist and film-maker Franco Milia in Creteil - May 1988.

Cigar box found in the French actor Jacques Dutronc's dustbin, Rue Hallé, Paris - 1979.

Alfred ROLL (Paris: 1846-1919). Formerly rolled, his painting, entitled "14 Juillet 1880" PPP110. (6m45 x 9m80). Canvas, paint, glue and protection gauze removed during the operation of re-canvassing in 1988.

"Joy and Sadness go together." Lied by L.V. Beethoven, text by Goethe - Sung in German and bottled by JORGE LOPEZ PALACRO, a Colombian tenor. Paris - 20 August 1988 at 16h03.

The fire of Lisbon. Fragments of burnt wood taken from the carbonised rubble of Chiado - October 1988.

Nothing, bottled in Ivry - 27 October 1988.

A splinter from my staircase and blood from Jean-Claude Chupin (Artist) - 1 January 1989.

Fragment of a gravestone of an unknown person from the Moclin Cemetery, Grenada, Spain, on which Frederico GARCIA LORCA undoubtedly laid his eyes since it stood facing the place where he was in the habit of sitting and writing. Every year barren women would make a pilgrimage (Romeria) to pray for assistance from the Holy Virgin. Many of these women were miraculously cured, returning pregnant following liaisons with fellow pilgrims (Romeros). Since early childhood, Frederico Garcia Lorca would never miss a Romeria, fascinated by this duel Christian and pagan mise-en-scne. He wrote "YERMA." - January 1989.

Mica from the base camp of Mt. Everest, Himalaya, Nepal, gathered two days before the Tchernabil disaster - 1987.

The water in which I rinsed my right hand after having shaken that of Jack Lang (the French Minister of Culture during Mitterrands' reign) - 27 April 1989.

Danielle Mitterrand's cup and the water she didn't drink during the opening of a Cuban painting exhibition at the Galerie de Nesle, Paris - 11 May 1989.

Shell found on the beach at Trouville around 11 o'clock in the morning on the 21 May 1989 - presented by V.R. the same day in Ivry around 6 o'clock.

Solstitial Journey by bicycle uniting my atelier in Ivry with Chartres Cathedral - 20/21 June 1989. (Every 10 kilometres I picked up whatever object was closest to the front wheel of my bicycle).










Km.100 (Chartres Cathedral)

- Daisies.
- Pebble.
- Packet of Marlboro cigarettes.
- Empty box of matches.
- Stone.
- Leaves.
- Bottle top and dog-ends.
- Bark.
- Daisies.
- Piece of the iron fence.
- Fragments of stone.
- Fragments of leather from the door.
- Candle wax and leaves-
- Holy Water collected at the sun's zenith.

Recycled Swiss Lavatory Paper. - June 1989.

Glasnost snow..... from "La Marseillaise" procession by Jean-Paul Gould, (the bicentennial parade of the French Revolution), collected in the Champs Elysées at the junction with the rue de Berri at 1H47 a.m. - 15 July 1989.

Paper fallen from the sky during the Eiffel Tower's centenary fire-works display - 17 June 1989.

Rose petal taken from the Dame of Sark's garden in the Isle of Sark - October 1989.

Broken bottle-neck of no particular interest unearthed from beneath Peter Sorrell's atelier in Ivry - October 1989.

This is not a piece of the Berlin Wall despite the fact that it was presented to me by an East German - December 1989.

Piece of burnt wood found in Rouen facing the Episcopal Palace where Jeanne d'Arc was judged by an ecclesiastical tribunal presided by Pierre Cauchon, Evèque de Beauvais. Declared a heretic, she was burnt to death on the 30 May 1431 - 7 January 1990.

Fragment of the Berlin Wall - 1989.

Screw from an ancient wooden balustrade from the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris - 1990.

Pieces from a bookseller's box that was blown off the wall and smashed on the Quai des Grands Augustins during a storm in January 1990.

Rainbow Warrior II - (The Green Peace boat sabotaged and sunk by the French Secret Service during the early years of Mitterrand's reign) - A washer found in the bows and white paint and a piece of rope from below deck - Auckland, New Zealand - 1989.

Fragment of Etruscan pottery from the Orvieto cemetery, Italy - February 1990.

Marcel Proust - Piece of lead from the dining room window of Aunt Léonie's house in Illiers, Combray - 1990.

Leaf taken from Amedeo Mogdigliani's grave in the Père Lachaise cemetery, Paris - 10 April 1990.

Fragment of the mast of the 74 cannon ship "Beaupe La Superbe" from Admiral de Conflans' fleet that sank off the island of Dumet in 1759. Fortuitous donation by the Musée de la Marine in Paris.

The first three ink cartridges used in the writing of "Hedges, Ditches and Dreams" - my brother Lala Ashford-Brown's first manuscript - donated by the poet himself in Brighton, 1990.

Raymond Chandler "Le Grand Sommeil." Bottled by Max Sauze (book plumber) in 1988 - June 1990.

Tronchet's Urine. (Writer, author of comics, film director, comedian). Bottled by the artist himself on the 7 July 1990 at 1H04 in the morning.

Straw taken from the main circle of flattened corn of the mysterious rings at Alton Barnes in Wiltshire, England - July 1990. (For many years circles of flattened corn, sometimes of very intricate designs, have been appearing throughout England though mainly in Wiltshire in the vicinity of Stonehenge and Avebury. Whether they are man-made or not has been the subject of much conjecture).

Fragments of the renovated Great Wall of China - 1990.

Again the Berlin Wall - 1990.

Blue presumed exact - so said the artist Jacque Sanchiz a short while before he was found dead in his atelier - 1990.

Yet again the Berlin Wall - September 1990.

This bottle contains a Finger Wipe from the Grand Casino in Monte Carlo - 1990.

Desert Sand transported by boat on Cleopatra's orders to the island of the same name in the Bay of Bodrum on the Turkish coast for the unique purpose of rendering bathing more pleasurable for her lover, Marck Anthony - 27 November 1990.

Wax and Laurel Leaf taken from Diaghilew's tomb in Venice - 1990.

Fragment of glazed earthenware found in a street in Venice near the Rialto on the night of the 31 Dec. /1 Jan. 1991 at about 4 o'clock in the morning.

Ivy taken from Vincent Van Gogh's tomb in Auvers sur Oise - 28 February 1991.

Coca Cola can used as a model by Geoff Darrow in an illustration for an animated film project by Ridley Scott - September 1991.

The other lump of Sugar that Renaud (French pop star) did not put in his café at the Closerie des Lilas in Paris - 18 November 1991.

The head of a Paint Brush deserving a rest after many loyal years in the service of art - 1991.

Plaster-cast from the upper right balcony of Regis Loisel's Teeth (French author of comics) - February 1992.

Nothing of interest has been noted concerning this bottle.

Daisies and Weeds gathered from Jacques Prevert's tomb in Omonville La Petite - Samedi 30 May 1992 at 5 o'clock.

Fragment of pottery found in Petra, Jordan the 19th April 1992 at 2 o'clock in the afternoon.

Fragment of pottery from Petra, Jordan - April 1992.

Cloth found in a street in Agadez, Niger - 2 December 1991 at 5 o'clock.

Mysterious Fragment. I can not remember what it is, where it comes from or why it is in this museum.

Bolt from a sleeper on the T.G.V. Nord railway track.

Lala's Teapot. Found by my brother, Lala, buried beneath the desert sand in Libya in July 1972 about tea-time. It accompanied him on his wanderings for many years. (A poet and a vagabond, he spent seventeen years on the road. Sometimes with gypsies, sometimes in prison, often drunk and always in love).

Sardinian Volcanic Mud, possessed by the British from 1708 to 1714 during their occupation of Sardinia, was brought by the MILIAS de Monza (Milan) in 1992 to 7, Passage Moncey (Paris) where it remained until 23 January 1993 when FRANCO of the above mentioned family donated it to this museum.

Frank Margerin's Tortoise a personal creation undertaken in Ivry during the night of 27/28 February 1993.

Fragment of the pedestal on which rested the sculptured head of Jim Morrison (by Croatian sculptor Mladen Mikulin) in the Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris. It was stolen in March 1988 and never replaced.

Atlantis Pebble. Pebble from the Isle of Santorin (Greece), believed by some to be a vestige of Atlantis - October 1992.

Inorganic Matter in the shape of a chicken's head and a similar object resembling nothing in particular, found in La Martinique - 1992.

Trench Spade From the1914 War. This German spade was unearthed by the Bomb Disposal Experts from Metz in the Verdun Forest on Tuesday 5 October 1993.

Part of a Spoon about which nothing is known - October 1993.

Fragment of Metal from Pearl Harbour.

Fishing Licence from the State of California issued to Pauline Hoopes for the year 1946.

Objects transported by a glacier to Coalville, Prudhoe Bay, Alaska.

Fragment of Pottery from the American Civil War found on the Monassas battle field, Virginia (1861/1862).

Spoon unearthed from beneath the rubble of the San Francisco Earthquake in 1906.

Zinc Rod from a battery buried in 1906 by the San Francisco Earthquake.

Egyptian Pot, First Dynasty, 3000 B.C. - Bought in the fifties by my mother from Vanessa Bell, Cleeve House, Seend, England (Artist and sister to Virginia Woolf). Identified and restored by archaeologists in Cambridge University, the pot was once again broken, by a starling, which flew down the chimney in 1987. In 1993, after six years in a plastic bag at the back of a cupboard, it was once again restored, only this time by my own unskilled hands.

Gravel from Marcel Proust's house - 1994.

Fossil of a Mollusc found at the "Villa De Leyva," Boyaca, Colombia - 1994.

Cigarette dating from the 1930's. Found on 1 August 1991 in an artist's studio that had not been entered since his death in 1932.

Pin from a World War II, French Hand Grenade found on 16 March 1994 on the dunes of Biville.

The nose of a Second World War, German 20 c.m. Shell. Biville - 1994.

Fragment of a cannon from a wrecked German tank from the Second World War picked up on the dunes of Biville - 1994.

Unidentified Greek Medallion with no particular story to tell other than it having belonged to a Mister Konzialis in Corfu, for an undetermined period.

Marking Tape from the Miles Davis concert in Troyes, France - 13 August 1989.

The jazz musician AL Jarreau's Cigarette Packet.

Fragment of an electrical isolation bobbin + photo in situ - Auschwitz 25 April 1994.

Water from the Saint Ediltrude Spring, which should contain the trace of a wish made by myself concerning matters of the heart - 23 August 1995.

Roman Sword unearthed in the Old Vicarage garden, Marden in the early 60's. It served as a toy sword for my brothers and I before adopting the noble profession of poker to the family hearth. It finally broke in two after a long and adventurous life of devoted service - 1996.

BONE fragment from an Elephas Meridionalis (ancestor of the mammoth) that sank over two million years ago (pliocene superior) beneath the mud of the ancient Marais du Gard in France. One afternoon in the spring of 1985, the reconstructed skeleton of the elephas in the Paris Natural History Museum collapsed for the second time in two million years - 1996.

Cotton having formerly touched the body of Saint Germaine De Pibrac - donated by Mme Niçoise of Versailles to Françoise at her birth in June 1939 - 1996.

Glove used in the renovation of the Louvre in 1984.

Glove used in the repainting of the Eiffel Tower in 1983.

M. Pheiffer's paper napkin - Hollywood, L.A., 24 March 1996 at 22H30.

Stone from the entrance to the Barrow Grave under the Hostages Mount at Tara, Co.Meath, Ireland - July 1996.

A Snail Shell and Marble from the columns of King Minos's Palace in Knossos, Crete - 6 November 1994.

Small Twisted Metal Rod found in Del Zacalo Square, Mexico City - July 1996.

Keys belonging to Mr Smith who died from grief after his dog disappeared - 1996.

Tap Water bottled in my atelier - 6 November 1996 at 10H30 a.m.

Rain Water and Apple Tree Leaf bottled 1 September 1996.

Water from the River Seine and Sand from the Sahara Desert - 1996.

The last remaining piece of my daughter Sarah's Umbilical Cord that relinquished all claim to her in March 1998.

Snail Shell from Rainer Maria Rilke's House at Murot, Switzerland and a Rose Petal from his grave at Raron - 1998.

A Screw and a Nail from which was hung a painting by Picasso in the Musée Picasso, Paris - May 1998.

My brother Lala found this Clothes Peg in his bowl of beans (our mother, who was a militant vegetarian, served up the same meal everyday for 40 years in an earthenware pot that was continuously topped up with beans and never washed - the notorious Marden Beanpot). May 1999.

Salt from Death Valley at Sundown, U.S.A. - 12 June 1997.

Hydrangea from Frank Sinatra's funeral.

Heel of A Shoe.

Drawing Pin from the transformation room of a coal mine - Mine de la Fosse, 11/19 Loos en Gohelle, Pas de Calais.

Part of a Human Skull bought in the Montreuil flea market and the plaster cast teeth of an unknown person.

Part of a Deed (with seal) inscribed on parchment concerning family affairs. Subject and date unknown. It's all that remains of a lampshade made by my grandmother.

Child's Shoe With Nail.

Wood Chippings and Blue Ceramic Beads coming, I believe, from Cuba though I have lost all information concerning them - 2000.

Part of a Torn-Up Note from the Front Bench of The House of Commons, London - 2000.

18th. Century Inkwell from the Royal Hospital School, Holbrook, Suffolk, England. (Founded on confiscated pirate gold) - May 2000.

Wood from the outside lavatory in Paradise - April 2000.

Feather and Corn from a Crop Circle near Beckhampton, England - June 2000.

Stone extracted from the quarry where Nelson Mandela spent 17 years breaking rocks on Robben Island off the Cape of Good Hope - Picked up on 17 November 1999 at 16H15.

Piece of the Iron Railings from the Château de Villebouzin, Essonne, where La Montespan celebrated black mass and which is today a home for Jet Set drug addicts - September 2000.

Garter Snake Skin found in Carol & Sandy Woolworth's basement in Wilton, Ct. U.S.A. - 21 October 2000 at 8H30 p.m.

Substitute photograph of a Picasso painting. "Portrait of Max Jacob by Picasso 1907, belonging to the Ludwig collection, removed from the Picasso Museum for an exhibition in Japan. " We regret its absence on this last day of the Max Jacob and Picasso Exhibition. "

Parcel N°1 (packet of florist's labels) returned by the post from it's destination in Abidjan, Ivory Coast to Ivry sur Seine in 1981.

Bits and Pieces from Central America posted by V. Pony and J-M Four in Santiago, Chile 28.02.97 at 18H24. (Opened by the customs).

The Head of a Paintbrush grieving the loss of its handle. (Believed to have once belonged to Sonia Ficheux - a young artist friend, a wife and a mother who opted out in June 2000 leaving us all in the lurch).

Sculpted Stone from the Angkor Temple, Cambodia, picked up on January eleventh 2001 at about eleven o'clock in the morning (some 70 years after Malraux).

Human Bones from the tombs of Port Punique in Carthage (desecrated by bulldozers and cast into the sea). 9 March 2002.

Ouchabti or Chaouabti, funerary figure that accompanied the Mummy on its last voyage. PtolemaÏc Era circa 300 B.C., bartered on the left bank of Louxor.

Statuette of Sekmet, Goddess of War, bought on the banks of the Nile as a "real" fake antiquity in the 1980's. We can therefore estimate it to be at least 20 years old.

Fragment of Potterie from the Temple of Denderah, (PtolemaÏc Era) found July 1979.

My Mother. The ashes of Kathleen Maud Ashford-Brown. Cremated on Friday 13th Feb. 2004 and bottled at the Old Vicarage, Marden.

Chippings from Quantas' Hoof. The horse that led Princess Diana's funeral procession through the streets of London.

Antlers dug up in the garden of the Old Vicarage, Marden, in the early 60's.

Victorian Gentleman's Survival Kit: barometer, thermometer and compass having belonged to Dr. Bernard Butter, Eye Surgeon and founder of The Plymouth Eye Hospital. He died in 1877 leaving his fortune to his nephews, amongst them; Edwin Ashford of Moorlands.

Agnès Varda's Potato. This potato was part of an installation by the photographer and film director Agnès Varda, 'borrowed' from the gallery showing her work in Paris in 2005.


(Despite the severe selection of candidates for the museum, a few objects have slipped in uninvited and unnoticed. Once discovered, they proclaim squatter's rights and I am compelled to tolerate their presence amongst my collection).

Wrapped Sugar Lump (Cafés Richard) signed by: Petit Pierre, Chahide, Stefie, Fred, Bernie et Carlos. (Members of the film animation team, Label 35, Creteil).

"The window that will not disfigure Ashley, 17 / 12 / 91, Ivry." (I cannot recall for what reason nor why, when or how this small bottle containing broken glass appeared in my museum.)

"Happy Birthday." Letters cut out of the French newspaper "Le Monde" on the 17 January 1992.

"Elasto Fragmentoplaste - 23 January 1993." A half eaten condensed-milk tart that appeared in the museum under the above mentioned heading following a party in my atelier.

Fragment of a Gramophone Record "When the Saints Go Marching In" by Louis Armstrong.

Unidentified Dried Fruit - perhaps a plumb!

Perhaps a fragment of a gravestone.

Bar of Soap from Iran.

Small Bottle of Seashells.

Bottle Filled with Pencils Stubs.

"Putsch a Ouagadougou." Rotten book of little interest other than its title and a certain aesthetic quality.

Piece of canvas from a Self-Portrait and a photo depicting its former location in the painting. (A painting sacrificed for Christmas presents in the 1980's).

Compressed Beer Cans. (Perhaps a homage to César).

Shoe Iron.

Perhaps another Fragment of a Gravestone.

Water from the Ganges, 29 Jan. 2001 (Kumbh Mela) Varenasi.

A bottle that formally contained water from the Sacred Spring of St. Ediltrude in Brittany collected on the 30th August at 6 o'clock in the afternoon with the intention that "all my wishes be realized." Despite the sealing wax the water is now evaporated so perhaps it was successful!

Sand from the Bay of Pigs, Cuba.



JESUS' PAINT BRUSH. Whether Jesus was an artist and this was his paintbrush can appear as inconceivable as the belief in the existence of Jesus himself.
Can we encumber him with the appurtenance of this brush without offending the traditional theology and the sacred history of Christianity? When one considers the multitude of Holy Relics that are attributed to him with little or no historical evidence might it not be just plausible to stretch human credulity to encompass this modest little object. Besides, my own personal research concerning the origins of this brush, though far from convincing, has in no way lead me to relinquish all claim to the belief that this paintbrush could conceivably have belonged to Jesus.

SHAKESPEARE'S SCREWDRIVER. That Shakespeare was a poet and dramatist leaves no doubt in the minds of the most eminent specialists, but that he was also a D.I.Y. man remains to be clarified and moreover that this was his screwdriver leaves room for much uncertainty. On the other hand, can we exclude a possibility, however small, exclusively on the grounds of our ignorance in the matter?

QUEEN VICTORIA'S TOOTHBRUSH. It is suggested that this obscure object of 120 volts belonged to Queen Victoria - a presumption, although unverifiable, concords approximately with her interest in modern technology and personal hygiene.
Nevertheless, the identity of the object remains suspect due to the lack of bristles that are customary to articles of this nature.

CHARLOTTE CORDAY's KNIFE. Objects, being denied the power of speech, veil their history within silence and immobility. Mystery shrouds their past and in mystery resides a multitude of possibilities. It's the work of historians, antiquarians and poets to explore this secret land, to extract the inconceivable, to clarify enigmas and advance hypotheses.
Take this knife for example. Can we say for certain that it was the one that served to assassinate Marat? Certainly not. But can we proclaim with absolute certitude that it was in no way instrumental in his death? Again no. So the doubt persists and we can ignore no eventuality.

THIS IS A NAIL. Despite it's age and doubtful ancestry, I can advance with certitude that this is nothing other than a nail of little interest - and all resemblance to objects of a kindred nature that might benefit from doubt (sacred or otherwise) can be entirely excluded.